Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Plague 8. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Definition of CRE . Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). 2 1. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 17th ed. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Osteomyelitis. Different Types. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. They usually cause mild infections, … Gonorrhoea 9. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Bacterial Disease # 1. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Tetanus 7. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. Syphilis 10. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. Some oral infections are more serious than others. 28th ed. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. Immunisation is available to prevent many important bacterial diseases such as Hemophilus influenza Type b (Hib), tetanus and whooping cough.. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. B., ed. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Virus types These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Salmonellosis. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. Dental Caries or Cavities Chin J. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. Cholera 4. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. Bacterial skin infections. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. 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